PostgreSQL是一款功能强大的开源关系型数据库,本文使用python实现了对开源数据库PostgreSQL的常用操作,其开发过程简介如下: 一、环境信息: 1、操作系统: RedHat Enterprise Linux 4 Windows XP SP2 2、数据库: PostgreSQL8 3 3、 开发工具: Eclipse+Pydev+python2 6+PyGreSQL(提供pg模块) 4、说明: a、PostgreSQL数据库运行于RedHat Linux上,Windows下也要安装pgAdmin(访问PostgreSQL服务

PostgreSQL是一款功能强大的开源关系型数据库,本文使用python实现了对开源数据库PostgreSQL的常用操作,其开发过程简介如下:

一、环境信息:

1、操作系统:

RedHat Enterprise Linux 4
Windows XP SP2

2、数据库:

PostgreSQL8.3

3、 开发工具:

Eclipse+Pydev+python2.6+PyGreSQL(提供pg模块)

4、说明:

a、PostgreSQL数据库运行于RedHat Linux上,Windows下也要安装pgAdmin(访问PostgreSQL服务器的客户端)。
b、PyGreSQL(即pg)模块下载路径及API手册:http://www.pygresql.org/
PyGreSQL模块点此本站下载

二、配置:

1、将pgAdmin安装路径下以下子目录添加到系统环境变量中:

E:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\8.3\lib

E:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\8.3\bin

2、将python安装目录C:\Python26\Lib\site-packages\pywin32_system32下的dll文件拷贝到C:\WINDOWS\system32

3、说明:如果跳过以上两步,在import pg时将会报错,并且会浪费较长时间才能搞定。

三、程序实现:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

#导入日志及pg模块
import logging
import logging.config
import pg

#日志配置文件名
LOG_FILENAME = 'logging.conf'

#日志语句提示信息
LOG_CONTENT_NAME = 'pg_log'

def log_init(log_config_filename, logname):
  '''
  Function:日志模块初始化函数
  Input:log_config_filename:日志配置文件名
      lognmae:每条日志前的提示语句
  Output: logger
  author: socrates
  date:2012-02-12
  '''
  logging.config.fileConfig(log_config_filename)
  logger = logging.getLogger(logname)
  return logger

def operate_postgre_tbl_product():
  '''
  Function:操作pg数据库函数
  Input:NONE
  Output: NONE
  author: socrates
  date:2012-02-12
  ''' 
  pgdb_logger.debug("operate_postgre_tbl_product enter...") 
  
  #连接数据库 
  try:
    pgdb_conn = pg.connect(dbname = 'kevin_test', host = '192.168.230.128', user = 'dyx1024', passwd = '888888')
  except Exception, e:
     print e.args[0]
     pgdb_logger.error("conntect postgre database failed, ret = %s" % e.args[0])  
     return  
   
  pgdb_logger.info("conntect postgre database(kevin_test) succ.") 
    
  #删除表
  sql_desc = "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS tbl_product3;"
  try:
    pgdb_conn.query(sql_desc)
  except Exception, e:
    print 'drop table failed'
    pgdb_logger.error("drop table failed, ret = %s" % e.args[0])
    pgdb_conn.close() 
    return
  
  pgdb_logger.info("drop table(tbl_product3) succ.") 
 
  #创建表
  sql_desc = '''CREATE TABLE tbl_product3(
    i_index INTEGER,
    sv_productname VARCHAR(32)
    );'''
  try:  
    pgdb_conn.query(sql_desc)
  except Exception, e:
    print 'create table failed'
    pgdb_logger.error("create table failed, ret = %s" % e.args[0])
    pgdb_conn.close() 
    return    
  
  pgdb_logger.info("create table(tbl_product3) succ.") 
   
  #插入记录  
  sql_desc = "INSERT INTO tbl_product3(sv_productname) values('apple')"
  try:
    pgdb_conn.query(sql_desc)
  except Exception, e:
    print 'insert record into table failed'
    pgdb_logger.error("insert record into table failed, ret = %s" % e.args[0])
    pgdb_conn.close() 
    return  
   
  pgdb_logger.info("insert record into table(tbl_product3) succ.")   
   
  #查询表 1    
  sql_desc = "select * from tbl_product3"
  for row in pgdb_conn.query(sql_desc).dictresult():
    print row
    pgdb_logger.info("%s", row) 
 
  #查询表2    
  sql_desc = "select * from tbl_test_port"
  for row in pgdb_conn.query(sql_desc).dictresult():
    print row 
    pgdb_logger.info("%s", row)    
   
  #数据库连接   
  pgdb_conn.close()    
  pgdb_logger.debug("operate_sqlite3_tbl_product leaving...") 

if __name__ == '__main__': 
  
  #初始化日志系统
  pgdb_logger = log_init(LOG_FILENAME, LOG_CONTENT_NAME)  
  
  #操作数据库
  operate_postgre_tbl_product()
  

四、测试:

1、运行后命令行打印结果:

{'sv_productname': 'apple', 'i_index': None}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 2, 'i_index': 1}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 3, 'i_index': 2}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 5, 'i_index': 3}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 0, 'i_index': 5}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 18, 'i_index': 7}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 8, 'i_index': 8}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 7, 'i_index': 9}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 21, 'i_index': 10}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 23, 'i_index': 11}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 29, 'i_index': 12}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 3000, 'i_index': 4}
{'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 1999, 'i_index': 6}

2、日志文件内容:

[2012-02-12 18:09:53,536 pg_log]DEBUG: operate_postgre_tbl_product enter... (test_func.py:36)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,772 pg_log]INFO: conntect postgre database(kevin_test) succ. (test_func.py:46)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,786 pg_log]INFO: drop table(tbl_product3) succ. (test_func.py:58)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,802 pg_log]INFO: create table(tbl_product3) succ. (test_func.py:73)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,802 pg_log]INFO: insert record into table(tbl_product3) succ. (test_func.py:85)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,802 pg_log]INFO: {'sv_productname': 'apple', 'i_index': None} (test_func.py:91)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,802 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 2, 'i_index': 1} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,802 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 3, 'i_index': 2} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,802 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 5, 'i_index': 3} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,802 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 0, 'i_index': 5} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 18, 'i_index': 7} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 8, 'i_index': 8} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 7, 'i_index': 9} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 21, 'i_index': 10} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 23, 'i_index': 11} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 29, 'i_index': 12} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 3000, 'i_index': 4} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]INFO: {'i_status': 1, 'i_port': 1999, 'i_index': 6} (test_func.py:97)
[2012-02-12 18:09:53,819 pg_log]DEBUG: operate_sqlite3_tbl_product leaving... (test_func.py:101)

3、psql查看结果:

[root@kevin ~]# su - postgres
[postgres@kevin ~]$ psql -U dyx1024 -d kevin_test
psql (8.4.2)
Type "help" for help.

kevin_test=# \dt
        List of relations
 Schema |   Name   | Type |   Owner   
--------+---------------+-------+----------------
 public | tbl_product3 | table | dyx1024
 public | tbl_test_port | table | pg_test_user_3
(2 rows)

kevin_test=# select * from tbl_product3;
 i_index | sv_productname 
---------+----------------
     | apple
(1 row)

kevin_test=# select * from tbl_test_port;
 i_index | i_port | i_status 
---------+--------+----------
    1 |   2 |    1
    2 |   3 |    1
    3 |   5 |    1
    5 |   0 |    1
    7 |   18 |    1
    8 |   8 |    1
    9 |   7 |    1
   10 |   21 |    1
   11 |   23 |    1
   12 |   29 |    1
    4 |  3000 |    1
    6 |  1999 |    1
(12 rows)

kevin_test=# \q
[postgres@kevin ~]$ 

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